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Sapphire Substrate/wafer for Customizable Dimensions c-plane、a-plane 2inch 3 inch 4 inch

    Sapphire Substrate/wafer

    Sapphire substrates, commonly referred to as sapphire wafers, are cutting-edge materials with a broad spectrum of applications across various industries. Crafted from crystalline aluminum oxide, sapphire wafers are prized for their exceptional hardness, optical transparency, and thermal durability. This product summary will delve into the key attributes and applications of sapphire prodcuts.

    Sapphire Substrate/wafer‘s features

    Sapphire Substrate/wafer

    part 1

    • Hardness: Exceptional hardness, second only to diamonds.
    • Transparency: High optical transparency across a broad spectrum.
    • Thermal Conductivity: High thermal conductivity for effective heat dissipation.
    • Thermal Shock Resistance: Resistant to thermal shock, maintaining stability in varying temperatures.
    • Customizable Dimensions: Available in customizable sizes and thicknesses for diverse applications.
    • Crystal Structure: Single-crystal aluminum oxide composition.
    • Chemical Resistance: Resistant to many chemicals, enhancing durability.
    • Surface Finish: Capable of achieving a smooth and polished surface finish.

    part 2

    • Wavelength Transmission: Effective transmission of various wavelengths, particularly in the visible and near-infrared regions.
    • Electrical Insulation: Excellent electrical insulation properties.
    • Versatility: Suitable for a wide range of applications in electronics, optics, and semiconductors.
    • Longevity: High resistance to scratches and wear, ensuring a long operational life.
    • Optical Clarity: Provides clear optical quality for imaging and optical components.
    • Manufacturability: Compatible with various manufacturing processes.
    • Customization: Adaptable to specific industry and application requirements.
    • Reliability: Known for reliability and performance in demanding environments.
    Sapphire Substrate/wafer

    Sapphire substrate wafers exhibit unique characteristics that make them highly desirable in various industries. Firstly, they are renowned for their exceptional hardness and scratch resistance. Moreover, their high melting point and thermal conductivity contribute to their suitability in demanding applications.

    In addition to their mechanical properties, sapphire substrate wafers possess excellent optical transparency across a broad spectrum, from ultraviolet to infrared. This characteristic makes them ideal for optoelectronic devices, such as LEDs and laser diodes. Furthermore, the crystal structure of sapphire ensures uniformity, providing a consistent substrate for electronic and photonic applications.

    On the other hand, they are notable for their chemical inertness, rendering them resistant to corrosive environments. This property is advantageous in applications where exposure to harsh chemicals is a concern. Nevertheless, despite their robustness, sapphire substrate wafers are relatively lightweight, contributing to their appeal in aerospace and portable electronic devices.

    In contrast to traditional silicon wafers, sapphire substrates offer better electrical insulation. This is a crucial feature in the manufacturing of power electronics, where minimizing electrical losses is paramount. Similarly, sapphire’s high dielectric strength enhances its performance in high-frequency and high-power applications.

    Additionally, it exhibit a low coefficient of thermal expansion, reducing the likelihood of cracking or warping under temperature variations. This characteristic is particularly beneficial in situations where thermal stability is essential, such as in semiconductor manufacturing processes.

    Meanwhile, the versatility of sapphire as a substrate material is further demonstrated by its compatibility with various deposition techniques. This includes physical vapor deposition (PVD), chemical vapor deposition (CVD), and epitaxial growth methods. Consequently, manufacturers have the flexibility to choose the most suitable technique for their specific applications.

    In conclusion, the it’s comprehensive set of characteristics, encompassing mechanical strength, optical transparency, chemical resistance, electrical insulation, and thermal stability, positions it as a material of choice in diverse industries. The seamless integration of these features, coupled with the continuous advancements in fabrication technologies, ensures that sapphire substrate wafers will continue to play a pivotal role in advancing technological innovations across multiple sectors.

    Sapphire Substrate/wafer‘s Application

    • Semiconductor Fabrication: Used as substrates for manufacturing semiconductor devices and integrated circuits.
    • LEDs (Light Emitting Diodes): Employed in the production of high-performance LEDs for lighting applications.
    • Optical Windows: Utilized as transparent windows in optical systems, cameras, and sensors.
    • Laser Diodes: Substrates for laser diodes due to their optical clarity and thermal properties.
    • Power Electronics: Applied in power electronic devices for efficient heat dissipation.
    • Watch Crystals: Used as watch crystals due to their hardness and scratch resistance.
    • Aerospace Components: Found in aerospace applications for their durability and reliability.
    • Medical Devices: Used in medical equipment where optical clarity and biocompatibility are crucial.
    • High-Performance Electronics: Employed in high-performance electronic components.
    • RF (Radio Frequency) Applications: Used in RF devices and components.
    sapphire LED application
    sapphire semiconductor
    • Infrared (IR) Windows: Applied in IR systems for their transparency in the infrared spectrum.
    • Optical Lenses: Utilized in the production of optical lenses for various imaging systems.
    • Transparent Armor: Used in military applications as transparent armor due to its hardness.
    • Sensors: Incorporated in sensors for their optical and thermal properties.
    • Thin-Film Coatings: Used as a substrate for thin-film coatings in various applications.
    • Biomedical Devices: Applied in biomedical devices for their biocompatibility.
    • MEMS (Micro-Electro-Mechanical Systems): Used as substrates in MEMS devices.
    • Telecommunications: Employed in telecommunications devices and components.
    • Photovoltaic Devices: Used in the production of high-efficiency photovoltaic cells.
    • Consumer Electronics: Found in various consumer electronics for display and sensor applications.

    Sapphire Substrate/wafer Available Dimensions

    Standard wafer(customzied)2 inch C-plane sapphire wafer SSP/DSP
    3 inch C-plane wafer SSP/DSP
    4 inch C-plane wafer SSP/DSP
    6 inch C-plane wafer SSP/DSP8 inch C-plane wafer SSP/DSP12 inch C-plane wafer SSP/DSP
    Special Cut
    A-plane (1120) wafer  430um/500um
    R-plane (1102)
    wafer 430um/500um
    M-plane (1010)
    wafer 430um/500um
    N-plane (1123) wafer 430um/500um
    C-axis with a 0.5°~ 4° offcut, toward A-axis or M-axis
    Other customized orientation
    Customized Size
    10*10mm sapphire wafer
    20*20mm sapphire wafer
    Ultra thin (100um) sapphire wafer
    8 inch sapphire wafer
    Patterned Sapphire Substrate (PSS)
    2 inch C-plane PSS
    4 inch C-plane PSS
    2inch wafers in stockDSP C-AXIS 0.1mm/0.175mm/0.2mm/0.3mm/0.4mm/0.5mm/ 1.0mmtSSP C-axis 0.2/0.43mm(DSP&SSP) A-axis/M-axis/R-axis 0.43mm 
    3inch in stocks;  DSP/ SSP C-axis 0.43mm/0.5mm 
    4Inch in stocksC-planedsp c-axis 0.4mm/ 0.5mm/1.0mmssp c-axis 0.5mm/0.65mm/1.0mmt 
    6inch wafers in stocks C-planessp c-axis 1.0mm/1.3mmm dsp c-axis 0.65mm/ 0.8mm/1.0mmt 
    8 inch  sapphire wafers  in  stockC-planessp c-axis 1.15mm/1.6mmm DSP c-axis 0.725mm/ 1.6mm/1.8mmt 

    12inch  Wafers in stocks 
    C-plane DSP c-axis 0.725mm/ 1.5mm/1.0mmt

    Sapphire Substrate/wafer Q&A

    Q:Why sapphire is used as substrate?

    A:Sapphire substrates. Sapphire (β-Al2O3) is the most popular and extensively used substrate for the growth of III-nitride. It is optically transparent from the visible into deep UV. Similarly It is stable at high temperatures and pre-growth cleaning is well established due to its use in SOI wafer fabrication in Si technology.

    Q:What is the chemical composition of the sapphire substrate?

    A:Sapphire is a crystalline form of aluminum oxide (Al2O3). It is formed of Al3+ cations and O2- anions arranged in a hexagonal lattice. It is extremely unreactive and chemically-resistant to acids and alkalis, including hydrofluoric acid.

    Q:What is sapphire wafer?

    Sapphire Wafers. Product Description: Sapphire is a material of a unique combination of physical, chemical and optical properties, which make it resistant to high temperature, thermal shock, water and sand erosion, and scratching. It is a superior window material for many IR applications from 3µm to 5µm.

    Sapphire Substrate/wafer Simple Processing Procedure

    Sapphire Wafer Production Methods:

    In particular they are commonly produced using the following methods:

    Kyropoulos Method:

    This method involves crystallizing sapphire from a molten alumina source.
    A seed crystal is dipped into the molten alumina and slowly pulled upward to form a single crystal.
    Heat Exchanger Method:

    In fact in this method, a mixture of alumina powder and a seed crystal is placed in a crucible.
    The crucible is heated through a heat exchanger, causing the alumina to melt and crystallize onto the seed.
    Edge-Defined Film-Fed Growth (EFG) Method:

    EFG involves drawing a ribbon of alumina through a heated zone where it crystallizes into a sapphire film.
    This method allows for continuous production of them.
    Czochralski (CZ) Method:

    The CZ method involves melting alumina in a crucible and slowly pulling a seed crystal from the melt.
    The pulled crystal is then sliced into wafers.
    Liquid Phase Epitaxy (LPE):

    Likewise LPE involves the deposition of sapphire onto a substrate from a supersaturated solution.
    The product is immersed in the solution, and the sapphire layer grows on its surface.
    Plasma-Assisted Reactive Magnetron Sputtering:

    This is a thin film deposition technique where it is deposited onto a using plasma and magnetron sputtering.

    Meanwhile After the crystal growth, the sapphire ingot is sliced into thin wafers using techniques like diamond wire sawing or laser cutting.

    To sum up the sliced wafers undergo a polishing process to achieve the desired surface smoothness and thickness uniformity.

    Its significance

    The sapphire wafer plays a pivotal role in the semiconductor industry, contributing significantly to various technological advancements and applications. Its unique properties make it a preferred substrate for a wide range of electronic and optoelectronic devices. In this comprehensive exploration, we delve into the crucial role that sapphire wafers play in the semiconductor landscape.

    Crystal Clarity and Structural Uniformity: One of the key attributes of sapphire wafers is their crystal clarity and structural uniformity. The crystalline nature of sapphire ensures a consistent and well-defined lattice structure, providing an excellent foundation for semiconductor device fabrication. This structural uniformity is crucial for achieving precision in the manufacturing process.

    Optical Transparency Across the Spectrum: Sapphire wafers exhibit exceptional optical transparency across a broad spectrum, from ultraviolet to infrared wavelengths. This unique property makes them ideal for optoelectronic applications, including light-emitting diodes (LEDs) and laser diodes. The optical clarity of sapphire enhances the performance of these devices, contributing to the efficiency and reliability of optical communication systems.

    Mechanical Hardness and Durability: The remarkable hardness of sapphire, second only to diamond, makes it highly resistant to scratches and wear. This mechanical durability is a significant advantage in semiconductor manufacturing, where delicate processes and precision are paramount. Sapphire wafers provide a robust substrate that withstands the challenges of fabrication and handling, ensuring the integrity of the final semiconductor devices.

    Thermal Stability and Heat Dissipation: Sapphire wafers possess excellent thermal stability and high thermal conductivity. This makes them well-suited for applications that involve high temperatures or require efficient heat dissipation. In semiconductor devices that generate heat during operation, such as power electronics and high-frequency components, sapphire wafers play a crucial role in maintaining thermal stability and preventing overheating.

    Electrical Insulation Properties: In contrast to traditional silicon wafers, sapphire wafers offer superior electrical insulation. This property is particularly valuable in power electronics, where minimizing electrical losses is essential. The electrical insulation provided by sapphire substrates contributes to the efficiency of electronic components and enables the development of high-performance semiconductor devices.

    Chemical Inertness and Corrosion Resistance: Sapphire is known for its chemical inertness and resistance to corrosion. This characteristic makes sapphire wafers suitable for environments where exposure to harsh chemicals is a concern. In semiconductor manufacturing, where various chemicals are used in processing, the chemical resistance of sapphire ensures the longevity and reliability of the semiconductor devices.

    Versatility in Deposition Techniques: Sapphire wafers exhibit versatility in terms of compatibility with different deposition techniques. Whether it’s physical vapor deposition (PVD), chemical vapor deposition (CVD), or epitaxial growth methods, sapphire provides a versatile substrate for diverse manufacturing processes. This flexibility allows semiconductor manufacturers to choose the most appropriate deposition technique for their specific applications.

    Applications in Emerging Technologies: The significance of sapphire wafers extends to emerging technologies such as gallium nitride (GaN) devices. GaN-based semiconductors, used in power electronics and high-frequency applications, often leverage sapphire wafers as the substrate of choice. This underscores the role of sapphire in fostering innovation and progress in cutting-edge semiconductor technologies.

    Conclusion: In conclusion, the sapphire wafer stands as a cornerstone in the semiconductor industry, contributing to advancements in electronic and optoelectronic technologies. Its crystal clarity, optical transparency, mechanical hardness, thermal stability, electrical insulation, chemical inertness, and versatility in manufacturing processes make it a preferred substrate for a diverse range of semiconductor applications. As technology continues to evolve, the role of sapphire wafers is likely to expand, driving innovation and enabling the development of more advanced and efficient semiconductor devices.

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